Lower Secondary Science Matters Practical Book Volume B
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Lower Secondary Science Practical Book is designed to complement the Lower Secondary Science Matters textbook. It is written in line with the 2013 Lower Secondary Science syllabus from the Ministry of Education, Singapore. The practical book enhances the understanding of concepts that students learnt and provides opportunities for the development of skills.
In the practical book, hands-on activities are used to encourage students to explore scientific concepts through experimentation. These hands-on activities develop process skills that students need in order to carry out scientific inquiry. Selected experiments begin with real-life contexts so that students can develop an understanding of how the abstract scientific concepts learnt are connected to real-life occurrences.
- Develops process skills in students – The skills developed in each activity are clearly outlined so that students are made aware of the process of scientific inquiry that occurs in the activity. This leads to a greater understanding of scientific knowledge and promotes the spirit of inquiry in students.
- Promotes Science as an inquiry – The activities encourage students to discover concepts on their own through experimentation. These activities have been carefully designed to develop students to think in a systematic and logical manner about the world around them.
Above extract from Preface of Lower Secondary Science Practical Book (reproduced with the permission of the publishers).
Components of Lower Secondary Science Matters:
The Textbooks can be used in a school or home setting. They contain many visuals and graphical information with interesting information. The emphasis is on understanding concepts and thinking about science and some of the content is designed to stimulate inquisitiveness and further exploration. Interspersed in the text are many “Think and Explore” questions to get students to think about the concepts. Some of these are answered later in the text but the purpose is to get students to think rather than simply read on and be told. Each chapter is also followed by review questions, many of which encourage critical thinking rather than simply reiterating material in the textbook. It is therefore a series that invites discussion and involvement even in a home setting, rather than something students would use independently. The A and B books are a two-year series and cover biology, chemistry, and physics. Earth science, space science, and evolution are not covered. The biology focuses on vascular plants and vertebrate systems.
The Practical Books are meant for a school setting and require common laboratory equipment and material, including solutions. Many of them can be done in a home setting with the purchase of some equipment and adaptation of some activities, such as those using a Bunsen burner, as well as substitution of some material, such as using chicken eggs to observe osmosis rather than quail eggs, but the teacher/parent should know science well enough to know what substitutions will not affect the intended results. They also need to be aware of and enforce standard safety issues and precautions, particularly with the chemistry experiments. Some of the experiments do requires some more expensive equipment, such as a light microscope or a distillation tube, and can be omitted.
The Teacher’s Editions of the Practical Books are copies of the Practical student’s editions with answers printed on the pages.
The Workbooks can be easily used in a school or home setting. There are several worksheets for each chapter in the textbook and two reviews. The worksheets have a variety of problems, including multiple-choice, fill in the blank, and write an answer. There are also some mini-projects which require researching information from the environment or internet and performing a task. Some of these do refer to places specific to Singapore but can be easily adapted.
The Teacher’s Editions of the Workbooks are copies of the Workbook student’s editions with answers printed on the pages.
Lower Secondary Science Matters Volume B Practical Book
Safety Equipment in the Laboratory
Chapter 10 Transport System in Organisms
Activity 10.1 The Big Bouncy Quail Egg
Activity 10.2 Osmosis in Living Tissues
Activity 10.3 Make Your Own Coloured Carnation
Chapter 11 Human Digestive System
Activity 11.1 Digestion of Starch
Chapter 13 Electrical Systems
Activity 13.1 Setting Up Circuits
Activity 13.2 Measuring Electricity with Meters
Activity 13.3 Measuring Resistance
Chapter 14 Interactions Through the Application of Forces
Activity 14.1 Measuring Forces
Activity 14.2 Frictional Force
Activity 14.3 Magnetic Force
Activity 14.4 Pressure
Chapter 15 Energy and Work Done
Activity 15.1 Energy and Work Done
Activity 15.2 Energy Conversions
Activity 15.3 Source of Energy
Chapter 16 Transfer of Sound Energy Through Vibrations
Activity 16.1 Watching Sound Vibrations
Activity 16.2 Making Sound Optional for N(A)
Chapter 17 Effects of Heat and Its Transmission
Activity 17.1 Expansion of Solids and Liquids Due to Heat
Activity 17.2 Expansion of Gases Due to Heat
Activity 17.3 Investigating Applications of Heat Transfer
Activity 17.4 Convection Currents
Activity 17.5 Radiation of Heat
Chapter 18 Chemical Changes
Activity 18.1 Changes Caused by Mixing
Activity 18.2 Changes Caused by Heat and Light
Activity 18.3 Action of Acids on Metals and Carbonates
Activity 18.4 Properties of Acids
Activity 18.5 Properties of Alkalis
Chapter 19 Interactions Within Ecosystems
Activity 19.1 Effect of Light on Organisms
Activity 19.2 Effect of Acidity and Alkalinity on Organisms
Activity 19.3 Simulation of the Transfer of Energy in a Food Chain
Activity 19.4 Photosynthesis and Respiration
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